A social investigation is a process performed by an impartial mental health professional who is qualified to provide the court, the parties, and the parties’ attorneys with information and recommendations regarding the best interests of the child(ren). The investigator compiles all relevant information into a written report for the judge to consider when making decisions in cases involving disputes about shared parental responsibility, decision making, time-sharing, and other family law matters. The social investigator will draft a recommended parenting plan that addresses the parents’ decision making authority and specific time-sharing schedules for the court’s consideration.
Who is qualified to be a court-appointed social investigator?
Social investigators can be psychologists licensed pursuant to Chapter 490, Florida Statutes, or clinical social workers, marriage and family therapists, or mental health counselors licensed pursuant to Chapter 491, Florida Statutes. Investigators are required to have a multitude of skills. These skills can include techniques for interviewing and assessing adults, children and families; conducting home studies and field investigations; identifying, organizing and understanding important collateral sources of information; administering and interpreting standardized questionnaires, surveys and other data collection tools; and report writing.
Investigators are also required to have knowledge, training and experience in the areas of child development, family systems, the effects of divorce on children and families, other issues common to families in crisis (e.g., domestic violence, substance abuse, child abuse, etc.), and the accepted standards of professional conduct governing their respective professions.
What is a Parenting Plan?
Chapter 61 of the Florida Statutes that governs family matters requires the court to order a parenting plan in proceedings involving children. A parenting plan is a document created to govern the relationship between the parties relating to decisions made regarding the minor child(ren), and it must contain a detailed time-sharing schedule for the parents and the child(ren). The parenting plan may include issues concerning the child(ren) such as the child(ren)’s education, health care, social, physical, and emotional well-being.
A Parenting Plan does not always involve a Social Investigation. Parenting Plans are part of a dissolution of marriage when there are children of the marriage.
The areas of assessment may include, but are not limited to any or all of the following:
- Interviews with each child, parent, stepparent, or adult in a parenting role.
- Contact with relevant professionals, such as teachers, doctors and employers.
- Interviews with objective character references submitted by each parent.
- Visits to the homes of each parent.
- Background checks of relevant police and court records.
- Completion of relevant surveys and questionnaires as requested by the social investigator.
- Presentation of facts to the court offering professional opinions as to parental responsibility, and time-sharing arrangements that are in the best interest of the child(ren).How Are Decisions Made in a Social Investigation?
The court that has jurisdiction in Florida will make child custody decisions based on what is in the best interest of the child if the parents can’t come to an agreement. The court will order that parental responsibility be shared by both parents unless the court finds that shared parental responsibility would be detrimental to the child. In that case, the court may order sole parental responsibility as will best protect the child.
The court may give one parent ultimate responsibility over specific aspects of a child’s welfare, such as primary residence, education, or medical and dental care. In deciding which parent should have primary residence, the court will consider:
- Which parent is more likely to allow the child frequent and continuing contact with the nonresidential parent
- The love, affection and other emotional ties between the parents and the child
- Each parent’s ability to provide the child with food, clothing, medical care and other material needs
- The length of time the child has lived in a stable, satisfactory environment and the desirability of maintaining continuity
- The permanence of the existing or proposed custodial home
- The moral fitness of the parents
- The mental and physical health of the parents
- The home, school and community record of the child
- The reference of the child, if the child is intelligent, understanding and experienced enough to express a preference
- Evidence of domestic violence or child abuse
After the custody order is signed by the judge and filed with the court clerk, both parents are bound by it. If a parent is denied court-ordered access to a child, he or she may bring the issue back before the court. The judge may decide to modify the time sharing order, order makeup time sharing for the time missed and order counseling or mediation.
*Social Investigations are conducted under the same standards as Child Custody Evaluations and all components under 61.13, should be addressed. I follow the Standards of Practice: Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluations, which can be viewed in detail at www.afccnet.org/resources/standards_practice.asp. I typically administer some basic assessments but do not conduct psychological assessments such as the MMPI or the MCMI-III, as a standard part of a social investigation. However, if I believe there is a serious need for psychological testing, I will either arrange for the administration of more extensive testing or refer the administration of that testing out to a forensic psychologist. A thorough investigation will typically take a minimum of three months to complete and often times extends beyond this time from due to the availability of collateral contacts and access to requested records – both of which are beyond my control. The reports generated from these investigations are researched based and reviewed by a member of the American Academy of Forensic Psychologists.
Social Investigations are conducted by a Court. There are substantial costs that are associated with a Socail Investigation.
How we can help!
Currently we are not offering Social Investigation Services. Please check back with our office when these services are available..